The Fort Daniel Foundation, Inc.

The Fort Daniel Archaeological Site is located in Hog Mountain, Gwinnett County, Georgia

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Download .pdf & .px Media Presentations,  or brochures. Large files take longer to download.   

The Search for Fort Daniel.pdf 

The 2009 Frontier Faire.px

Bob Coffey Presentation w/sound 

2010 Frontier Faire.pdf

         Bob Coffey Presentation

2010 FD Brickmaking.pdf

Reading Bricks.,pdf

 

Forts Daniel & Peachtree

 






Early Fort Construction

 







What is Archaeology?  

Teaching aid for use with

SGA's Frontiers In the Soil

an FDF/GARS/SGA project

 

 

 

 

Arch 4 Students Brochure

 

 

 

 

Fort Daniel Brochure



Our Mission

The Fort Daniel Foundation (FDF), founded in 2009, is a nonprofit, tax-exempt (501e3) organization composed of professional and avocational archaeologists, descendents of militiamen associated with Fort Daniel during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and interested members of the general public.  Our mission is to preserve the Fort Daniel archaeological site by promoting the creation of the Fort Daniel Historic Site and Archaeological Research Park, as a permanent archaeological research preserve available to researchers, historians and educators where an active learning facility will provide for:

  • teaching the value of our cultural heritage, particularly as it is contained in archaeological sites;

  • training and mentoring of archaeology students;

  • public archaeology opportunities;

  • maintenance of a field laboratory where artifacts will be processed and conserved;

  • creation of a field museum where artifacts and interpretive displays will be exhibited for the public.

*See FDF document: "The Use of Archaeology in the Georgia State Curriculum, Grades 4-8."  

(*)The Foundation is actively working with Fort Daniel Elementary School and Twin Rivers Elementary School, as well as Georgia Gwinnett College and Georgia State College faculty and students.

Below: GARS and FDF members construct frame to protect hearth feature in SW Blockhouse.  Right: Two of several portable benches constructed in 2012 overlook graveled SW Blockhouse area and completed hearth frame..   

     


Milestones

Summer 2007 - Gwinnett Archaeological Research Society (GARS) begins investigations at Fort Daniel site.

Spring 2008 - "Friends of Fort Daniel" organized to work to save site from commercial or residential development.

Fall 2008 - Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation names Fort Daniel to 2009 list of Places In Peril.

Winter 2008 - DNR determines Fort Daniel archaeological site "eligible" for National Register of Historic Places.

Spring 2009 - "Fort Daniel Historic Site and Archaeological Research Park" Master Plan completed with Georgia Trust matching grant.

Summer 2009 - "The Fort Daniel Foundation, Inc." is incorporated in Georgia as non-profit organization, replacing the "Friends of Fort Daniel."

Spring 2010 - IRS grants the Foundation tax-exempt (501(e)(3) status retroactive to July 2009.

Summer/Fall 2010 - Archaeological excavations determine most of the footprint of the fort.  (See images below and " GARS 2010 Summary" media presentation)

Winter 2011 - Second Ground Penetrating Radar survey by GSU of Fort's interior showing new targets for future excavation.

Spring 2012 - Fort Daniel Expo celebrating, in conjunction with the Society for Georgia Archaeology Annual Spring Meeting, the War of 1812 Bicentennial.

Fall 2012 - Fourth Annual Frontier Faire and celebration of the 2nd Annual National Archaeology Day.

December 2012 - The Fort Daniel site is purchased by Gwinnett County in order to preserve it for future generations.

March 2013 -  The Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners signs a 25-year lease agreement with the Fort Daniel Foundation, Inc., effectively vesting the Foundation with  management, development, and preservation responsibilities for the site.

October 2013 - The 5th Annual Frontier Faire and Bicentennial of the construction of Fort Daniel.

GHS Historic Presedrvatgion

June 2014 - In recognition of achievement in the preservation and interpretation of state and local history at the Fort Daniel Historic and Archaeological Research Site, The Fort Daniel Foundation, in cooperation with the Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners, is named recipient of the Albert B. Corey  Leadership in History Award from American Association for State and Local History (AASLH).

September 2014 - The 6th Annual Frontier Faire and Bicentennial of the construction of Peachtree Road to connect the new fort at Hog Mountin (Fort Daniel) with a new fort at Standing Peachtree (Fort Peachtree).

 

Archaeology Update

[also see History Update and Press Release]

Excavations during the May, 2010 Archaeology Month/Frontier Faire weekend located the south end of the west wall trench.  With this and the previously excavated west end of the south wall, we were able to determine the footprint and size of the SW corner blockhouse as pictured below.

 

On August 14, 2010 we found the east end of the south wall trench and its corner with the east wall as pictured below.  It is now clear that the ditch, excavated in 2007-2009 (and thought to be a latrine ditch) is actually the northern 14' of the east wall and that there was a gate  south of this segment as suggested by the gap in the trench line.  Excavations during the 2013 Frontier Faire may have found the other side of that gate. There was convincing evidence that there was also a blockhouse in the northeast corner.   In 2010, the NW corner of the fort was located  its projection to the east, and abrupt end of that north wall segment, in a unit placed to mirror the location of the west end of the south wall, bore out the hypothesis of a NE blockhouse (see photo below). 

 

GSU sudents working under Jeff Glover have been working within that blochouse area since 2012. 

Known wall trench features, including SW & NE blockhouses and NE & SE corners,  now provide a good idea of the fort's footprint, which is shown below superimposed on a gradient map based on the  2007 metal detection survey.  Grids are 20' x 20' and oriented 13 degrees west of north based on the property boundary which serves as the baseline for the grid.  The fort is oriented on a N/S axis.

In 1794, General Knox, U.S. Secretary of War, sent the fort plan pictured below to the Governor of Georgia. The plan is about 18% larger (and flipped horizontally) than the Fort Daniel plan as determined by archaeology. Note the postions of two 6-ft wide gates (A A) in Knox's plan. The conjectured Fort Daniel east wall gate, mentioned above, is depicted as the gap in the east wall on the plan above. Compare this with Knox's plan below. 

 

Because brick fragments have been found at the site, GARS and FDF members did a brick making demonstration for the 2010 Frontier Faire.  With the help of Cherokee Brick & Tile Co., Macon, who supplied brick for much of the clamp kiln pictured below and "burned" 50 of the Fort Daniel brick in their modern tunnel kiln, the brick making portion of the event was quite a success.  The remaining "Green" brick were put in the Fort Daniel clamp kiln.

Mystery Object Identified

We have recovered several "mystery" artifacts at the site.  Among them is the broken object below on the left Its function remained a mystery until we saw the complete object at the home of member Charles Warbington.  It is part of a collection of Charles' dad's farm implements.  It is a "clevis," which was attached to the front of a mule-drawn plough where the animal's harness was attached and probably should be dated to the 1920's or so. (Photos by Vince Macek, TRC).  

Update continued...

In January 2011 a new GPR survey of the fort area, including areas not previously covered in the 2007 survey, carrired out by GSouthernU's Sheldon Skaggs, produced a convincing picture of the fort's subsurface features as seen in this composite of the 2007 and 2011 GPR surveys and the (flipped) Knox graphic on the right.  Image courtesy of Sheldon Skaggs.  

Sheldons Image

 

Beginning with the 2011 Frontier Faire, Glover and his students and GARS members have been investigating one of the "hot" spots on Skaggs' GPR image. It turned out to be  stump pull. Because prehistoric stone tools, but no historic artifacts were found in the stump "hole," this suggests that the stump was pulled as part of the construction of the fort and not by a farmer years after the fort was abandoned. A plan view of the feature (below) showing bottom of the Level 1 (plow zone) and top of Level 2 where the feature was identified, before excavation of the feature, upper center, itself.

In 2012 Dr. Glover's students began excavations in the NW Blockhouse where they have recovered a number of artifacts including buttons, bullets, wrought and machine-made nails, a flint and a variety of ceramics.  A partially mended Prattware Teacup by Shannon Coffee, is pictured below.

    Prattware Teacup

More interesting artifacts recovered by students from Elementary School thru College - including the GSU group - and adults during the community archaeology portion of the 5th (2013) Annual Frontier Faire are pictured below with key.  

1

Tombac (copper) button

.75 dia.

near SE BH

2

Shot (buck n ball)

~30 cal

Unit  13x

3

Shot (fired?)

~30 cal

NE BH

4

Knife blade frag. w/ tang

 

NE BH

5

Two brads/tacks

~ 5/8

NE BH &  Unit 13x

6

Type 3c/d  hand-headed cut nail

~2  (1805-1810)

S Wall at SE BH

7

Earthenware (chamber pot) rim

~11.25 dia.

S Wall at SE BH

Antique Tool Donation

Member Frank Perry, seen here explaining used of antique tools to two of the many Troop 503 Boy Scouts who attended the 2013 Faire and conducted the Flag Raising, has made a generious gift of this collection to the Foundation for use in its educational program.